Monday, April 21, 2008

April 21, Kartini Day

21 April is Kartini Day. The emancipation movement in Indonesia was started by a princess named Kartini or Raden Ajeng Kartini.

She wrote a lot of letters about her views of the social conditions prevailing at that time, particularly the condition of native Indonesian women. The majority of her letters protest the tendency of Javanese Culture to impose obstacles for the development of women. She wanted women to have the freedom to learn and study. Kartini wrote of her ideas and ambitions, including Zelf-ontwikkeling, Zelf-onderricht, Zelf-vertrouwen, Zelf-werkzaamheid and Solidariteit. These ideas were all based on Religieusiteit, Wijsheid en Schoonheid, that is, belief in God, wisdom, and beauty, along with Humanitarianisme (humanitarianism) and Nationalisme (nationalism).

Kartini also expressed criticisms about religion. She questioned why the Quran must be memorized and recited without an obligation to actually understand it. She also expressed the view that the world would be more peaceful if there was no religion to provide reasons for disagreements, discord and offence. She wrote "Religion must guard us against committing sins, but more often, sins are committed in the name of religion"

Kartini also raised questions with the way in which religion provided a justification for men to pursue polygamy. For Kartini, the suffering of Javanese women reached a pinnacle when the world was reduced to the walls of their houses and they were prepared for a polygamous marriage.


OpenID mercuryfalling said...

oh hari kartini ya hehhee met hari katini ya, jeng

1:20 AM  
Blogger Z - i - l - k - o said...

happy kartini's day, hehehe... :)

4:11 PM  
Blogger Meli Bong said...

siapa nama ibu kartini?
"harum" namanya wuahahahahaha

7:27 AM  
Blogger Christy Hann-Trefzger said...

Dian ---> iya jeng somo somo

Zilko ---> sana cium kaki ibu :D

Meli ---> wuakkakakakakka udah basi tuh :D

11:08 PM  
Blogger Kristina DIAN Safitry said...

update..update...peringatan ibu kita tlah lewat,he..he..

2:52 AM  
Blogger Christy Hann-Trefzger said...

wuakkakkakkkak iya

9:49 PM  

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